Physicians at the Colorado Blood Cancer Institute (CBCI) are specialized experts in the care of lymphoma.  From diagnosis, management and treatment, CBCI can assist you in helping you understand more about your type of lymphoma.  CBCI participates in clinical research to improve treatment options and outcomes for patients

Lymphoma is a cancer that starts in infection-fighting cells that are part of your body’s immune system called lymphocytes.  When you have lymphoma, lymphocytes change and grow out of control. Knowing which type of lymphoma you have is very important because it affects your treatment plan and your prognosis. 

There are two main types of lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Hodgkin Lymphoma

There is no known cause of lymphoma in most cases:

  • Have a weak immune system from HIV/AIDS, an organ transplant, or because you were born with an immune disease
  • Have an immune system disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, lupus, or celiac disease
  • Have been infected with a virus such as Epstein-Barr, hepatitis C, human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (HTLV-1), or human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8)
  • Have a close relative who had lymphoma
  • Were exposed to benzene or chemicals that kill bugs and weeds
  • Were treated for cancer with radiation

Symptoms vary per person some signs that you might have lymphoma include:

  • Swollen glands (lymph nodes), often in the neck, armpit, or groin
  • Cough
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Fever or Chills
  • Drenching Night Sweats
  • Stomach Pain
  • Nausea/Vomiting/Indigestion or Abdominal Pain/Bloating
  • Weight Loss/Loss of Appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Itching
  • Headaches, constant coughing and abnormal pressure and congestion in the face, neck and upper chest

Many of these symptoms can also be warning signs of other illnesses. Make sure you discuss these symptoms with your primary care physician.

Physician may use the following tests to diagnosis and stage lymphoma

  • Physician Exam
  • Complete blood count and other blood studies
  • CT Scan of neck, chest, abdomen and pelvis
  • PET Scan
  • Lymph node biopsy and or excision
  • Bone Marrow Biopsy

Most Common Types of Lymphoma:

B- Cell Lymphoma:

T-Cell Lymphoma